OSSEOUS RESECTIVE SURGERY
Only in cases of advanced periodontitis and only after the initial non-surgical phase the surgical treatment of periodontitis is indicated.
In the case of advanced periodontitis, the bone and gingival tissue that supports the dental elements is destroyed and the periodontal pockets are deepened creating a wider space where bacteria can proliferate.
Although the patient has excellent oral hygiene, surgical therapy is indicated because home hygiene maneuvers do not allow to place the bristles of the toothbrush below the gum for more than 0.8mm.
If surgery is not performed, the pockets would tend to deepen, the alveolar bone to resorb and if this loss was noticeable, extraction could be the only therapy possible.
MUCOGINGIVAL PLASTIC SURGERY
Periodontal plastic microsurgery can be performed to improve the aesthetic appearance of intraoral tissues visible in the smile area such as in cases of gingival recessions, pigmentations, gingival hyperplasias, amalgam tattoos and residual tissue defects due to destructive processes.
Soft tissue grafts can be used to cover exposed roots but also to rebuild the tissue that has been lost. Soft tissue is taken from the palate or other intraoral areas.
The intervention is almost painless and there is no possibility of rejection or transmission of infectious diseases such as AIDS and hepatitis. The tissue taken from the donor area spontaneously reforms in a few weeks.
Regenerative surgery consists of reconstructing the bone and gingival tissue that has been lost as a result of periodontal disease or other pathological processes.
What are the benefits of "regenerative surgery"?
The main advantage is the reconstruction of the tissue that has been lost due to periodontitis or other pathological processes. Consequence of regeneration is the reduction of pocket depth and a decrease or complete resolution of gingival recessions.